List of Historical Parks in Thailand
รายชื่ออุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ในประเทศไทย

by Richard Barrow

There are more than 20,000 historical sites around Thailand managed by the Fine Arts Department. Out of these, there are currently ten historical parks, with four of them registered as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The best time to visit the ten sites is on Thai Heritage Conservation Day. This falls on 2nd April every year. Not only are there special activities during this week, but also all of the historical parks and national museums in Thailand are free for everyone.

LIST OF HISTORICAL PARKS IN THAILAND:

PARK PROVINCE สถานที่ท่องเที่ยว GPS
Ayutthaya Ayutthaya อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครศรีอยุธยา 14.355266 100.558490
Sukhothai Sukhothai อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์สุโขทัย 17.018174 99.704116
Kamphaeng Phet Kamphaeng Phet อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์กำแพงเพชร 16.508102 99.518203
Si Satchanalai Sukhothai อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ศรีสัชนาลัย 17.425660 99.788316
Phanom Rung Buriram อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พนมรุ้ง 14.532222 102.944767
Phimai Nakhon Ratchasima อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พิมาย 15.221139 102.493792
Phu Phrabaht Udon Thani อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ภูพระบาท 17.730710 102.357858
Phra Nakhon Khiri Phetchaburi อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครคีรี 13.109160 99.936632
Prasat Mueang Sing Kanchanaburi อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์เมืองสิงห์ 14.039371 99.243953
Si Thep Phetchabun อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ศรีเทพ 15.467645 101.135966

(1) Ayutthaya Historical Park

Name: Ayutthaya Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครศรีอยุธยา)
Address: 
Ayutthaya, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
GPS: 14.355266 100.558490
Opening hours: 8:30am-4:30pm

(2) Sukhothai Historical Park

Name: Sukhothai Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์สุโขทัย)
Address:
 Mueang Kao, Mueang Sukhothai District, Sukhothai 64210
GPS: 17.018174 99.704116
Opening hours:  8:30am-4:30pm

(3) Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park

Name: Kamphaeng Phet Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์กำแพงเพชร)
Address: 
Nong Pling, Mueang Kamphaeng Phet District, Kamphaeng Phet 62000
GPS: 16.508102 99.518203
Opening hours: 8:30am-4:30pm

(4) Si Satchanalai Historical Park

Name: Si Satchanalai Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ศรีสัชนาลัย)
GPS: 
17.425660 99.788316
Address: 
Si Satchanalai District, Sukhothai 64190
Opening hours:  8:30am-4:30pm

(5) Phanom Rung Historical Park

Name: Phanom Rung Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พนมรุ้ง)
Address: 
Yai Yaem Watthana, Chaloem Phra Kiat District, Buriram 31110
GPS: 14.532222 102.944767
Opening hours: 6:00am-6:00pm

Phanom Rung is aged over a thousand years old. Built on an extinct volcano, it was originally a Hindu religious site and later became a Buddhist one. Several additions were made during the 15th-18th Buddhist century. Most of the sanctuary buildings are made of laterite and sandstone. The buildings are lined all the way to the main pagoda whose layout is according to Hindu belief of the layout of God Shiva’s heaven. The large main pagoda has a square base facing the East. Exquisite designs on the pagoda, columns, doorway, and lintels tell a story of Hindu gods.

(6) Phimai Historical Park

Name: Phimai Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พิมาย)
Address: 
Nai Mueang, Phimai District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30110
GPS: 15.221139 102.493792
Opening hours: 7:30am-6:00pm

Phimai Sanctuary is the largest and one of the most important Khmer historical sites in Thailand. It is rectangular in shape and is 565 meters wide and 1,030 meters long. It consists of ornately carved sandstone and laterite structures. The most special characteristic of the sanctuary is that it is the only one that faces south while the others usually face east. This is probably because it was built to face the route that the Khmers traveled from the capital of the empire, to the south of Phimai. From stone inscriptions and the architectural style, the Phimai Sanctuary was most likely built at the end of the 11th century during the reign of King Suriyaworaman I. The architectural style is that of the Baphuon style that prospered at the time. However, some characteristics are similar to that of Angkor Wat, which became popular at a later period.

(7) Phu Phra Bat Historical Park

Name: Phu Phra Bat Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ภูพระบาท)
Address: 
Mueang Phan, Ban Phue District, Udon Thani 41160
GPS: 17.730710 102.357858
Opening hours:  8:30am-4:30pm

(8) Phra Nakhon Khiri Historical Park

Name: Phra Nakhon Khiri Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์พระนครคีรี)
Address:
Khlong Kra Saeng, Mueang Phetchaburi District, Phetchaburi 76000
GPS: 13.109160 99.936632
Opening hours: 8:30am-4:30pm

(9) Prasat Mueang Sing Historical Park

Name: Prasat Mueang Sing Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์เมืองสิงห์)
Address: 
Sing, Sai Yok District, Kanchanaburi 71150
GPS: 14.039371 99.243953
Opening hours: 8:00am-4:30pm

Prasat Mueang Singh is one of best known Khmer-style religious structures in Thailand. Historians estimated that it was built between 857 and 1157 as a religious temple of Khmer Kingdom. Prasat Mueang Singh was later abandoned until the reign of King Rama I when the area of Mueang Singh had become one of the border cities of Kanchanaburi. The main remaining structure is Prasat Mueang Sing (Tower of the City of Lions). It is framed by 800 x 1,500 meters city walls. During the excavations, historians found precious artifacts, antiques, pottery and religious ornaments with more than 2,000 years of history.

(10) Si Thep Historical Park

Name: Si Thep Historical Park (อุทยานประวัติศาสตร์ศรีเทพ)
Address: 
Si Thep, Si Thep District, Phetchabun 67170
GPS: 15.467645 101.135966
Opening hours:  8:30am-4:30pm

Si Thep Historical Park contains the ruins of ancient Phetchabun, encompassing Si Thep Ancient Town, originally called Mueang Aphai Sali. It is believed to have been built during the boom years of the ancient Khmer empire, no less than 1,000 years ago. The historic town is surrounded by a moat and a mound; inside, ponds and swamps dot the compound. Prang Song Phi Nong spire, one of several Khmer-style spires on site, is noteworthy, built during the 11th or 12th century in the Baphuon style of Khmer art during the Angkor Wat period. Khao Klang Nai Ancient Monument, lying in the center of town, was constructed even earlier, between the 6th or 7th century. Stucco sculptures of humans and animals decorate its base, made in the Dvaravati style.